To what extent, if any, is ‘religion’ a useful category of analysis in Islamic Studies?
Was there an Islam ‘before religion’ (Nongbri 2013)?
In what changing or varied ways do we see ‘religion’ as a bounded category of practice articulated, operationalised, institutionalised or legislated by or for Muslims?
How is a bounded category of 'religion' articulated or performed in popular or everyday Islam?
What distinctive characteristics and functions (e.g. rights, freedoms, authority, privatisation) does ‘religion’ have as a reified subject in Islamic discourse, that distinguish it from ‘non-religious’ or ‘secular’ domains?
How is 'religion' operationalised as one side of different conceptual pairings, for instance with 'the secular', 'politics', 'culture', 'economics', etc?
Does a ‘religion-secular’ dichotomy operate also - implicitly or explicitly - in contexts where ideological secularism is rejected as un-Islamic?
Who is empowered or disempowered by new articulations of 'religion' in Islam?
What role have colonial, post-colonial or Western states played in Muslim (re)formulations of ‘religion’ and its others?
Do such trends in Islamic contexts compare to the invention of ‘religion’ in other colonial contexts, or should we see Islam as exceptional in some way?
What new methodologies may shed light on these dynamics?
What implications may the critical study of ‘religion’ have for the way Islam is taught in schools and universities?